刘斌遭妻出轨夺财?前妻斥媒体张冠李戴

中国七星彩

2018-04-19

其中有“两会”、党的“十六大”等重大活动,以及卫生部、教育部、公安部、国家林业局、中国社科院、CCTV7新年晚会等部委和单位举办的新闻发布会和社会各界举办的各类信息发布及文化活动。网上直播可以打破时空、地域的界限,拉近与世界的距离,是发布新闻、传播信息的最佳手段。WASHINGTON-PresidentDonaldTrump"sdaughter,IvankaTrump,isgettinganofficeintheWhiteHouseWestWing,steppingupherhighlyvisibleroleinhelpingadviseherfather.AWhiteHouseofficialonMondayconfirmedreportsthatTrump"s35-year-olddaughterwouldbegettingherownWestWingspace,aswellasaccesstoclassifiedinformationandagovernment-issuedphone.Sheisnotexpectedtohaveanofficialtitleandwillnotbepaidasalary.IvankaTrumpwillbejoiningherhusband,JaredKushner,whoisachiefadvisertothepresidentandisaregularpresenceathisfather-in-law"sside.

  供应商催款  除顾客冷清外,乐天玛特供应商开始观望了,他们担心乐天玛特可能撤离中国。”共同社如是称。  可怕的资金面  每逢季末,资金面必不安生,市场已习以为常,对2017年首个季末的流动性波动不是没有心理准备。

在哲学基本问题意义上,实践唯物主义深刻揭示了思维与存在关系问题的实践内涵,进而阐发了这个基本问题所蕴含的理论与实践的关系问题。  立陶宛外长林克维丘斯称卢卡申科的指责无中生有,呼吁白俄停止人为地寻找境内外的敌人。下船后,就将奔赴德国马普化学所进行海洋地球化学的博士后研究,此后他计划回国工作。

早就医、早诊治是延长寿命的重要环节。她瘦瘦的模样更惹来网友疑问:“杨紫你又减肥啦?”杨紫在微博评论区统一回复网友:其实没怎么瘦,体重依旧坚挺着。  对于原本描绘蓝图进行的融资转而用来还债,投行部一位保荐人告诉中国证券报记者,在贷款收紧的情况下,部分企业只好用募资拿去填坑,这可能影响到企业的现金流。

“希望相关部门能对此真正加以重视,推动学校开设中华优秀传统文化必修课,在教育的全过程贯穿对优秀传统文化崇敬、自信的态度。由于船体规模有限,不仅要能设计和研制大功率、紧凑型的反应堆,而且需要具备制作高浓缩燃料棒的能力,还要考虑它的安全性。Withitsmagnificentnaturalsceneryandrichhumanspiritbehindit,JinshanlingGreatWallhasbeenaddedtotheTopTenHolyPlacesforProfessionalPhotographersinChina,accordingtotheChinaNationalTourismAdministration.LocatedinamountainousregionofChengdecity,about140kilometersnortheastofBeijing,theJinshanlingGreatWallsectionisthebestpreservedpartoftheGreatWallfromtheMingDynasty(1368-1644)withmanyoriginalfeatures.TheJinshanlingsectionconnectstheSimataisectionofthewallintheeastandGubeikousectioninthewest.TheGeneralTower,theBlackTowerandtheTaochunToweraremust-seesattheJinshanlingGreatWall.Eachtowercontainsitsownlegend.ThegeneraltowerwasnamedtocommemorateWuGuihua,aheroinewhosacrificedherselftoresistinvasionsfromthenorthduringtheMingDynasty.TheBlackTowerandtheTaochunTowerwerechristenedtocommemoratetwogirls,HeiguandTaochun,whomadegreatcontributionstotheconstructionoftheGreatWall.Ifyougo,youwillfindyourselfexperiencingtotallydifferentsceneryineachofthefourseasons.Inspring,apricotflowersdecoratetheGreatWall.Insummer,thewindingdragon-shapedGreatWallissurroundedbyaseaofgreenplants.Inautumn,theGreatWallturnsintoacolorfulplaceandinwinter,heavysnowcoverstheGreatWall,addingasenseofmagnificenceandsolemnity.Now,asthespringhascome,theannualApricotFlowerFestivalkicksoffatthebeginningofApril.Ifyouhavetime,youshouldtakeyourlovedonestowitnessthetruebeautyoftheChina"slandmark.

“大家一开始都说进口食品好,怎么一下子全变了呢?”最开始迎接这包麦片的,不是中国消费者的惊恐,而是喜爱。韩国《中央日报》21日称,美国新政府对朝政策大致为三点:朝鲜不先无核化就不与其对话;朝核问题六方会谈已死;通过中国向朝鲜施压。另一方面则是为了语言规范。

家谱和村志中写道。TheInternationalTelecommunicationUnionhasadoptedChina"snationalstandardformobiledevices"animationasaninternationalcriterion.It"sChina"sfirsttechnologicalstandardinaculturalfieldtobeadoptedinternationally,theMinistryofCulturesaidatanewsconferenceonMonday.ThestandardnumberT.621hasbeenusedbyover1,000mobile-deviceanimationoperatorsinChina.Thiscreatesuniformedformatsandtechnicalmethodsforrunningcontentnationwide.BeijingUniversityofPostsandTelecommunicationsprofessorChenHongsaysthestandardsavescontentoperatorsenergyintermsoftransformationamongdifferentformats.Itgivesthemmoretimetocreatenewcontentandfacilitatesthecirculationofnewproduction.HeaddsthattheinternationalizationofChina"snationalstandardwillhelpChinesehardwaremanufacturersgooverseas.YuQun,anassistanttotheMinisterofCulture,saysthestandard"spromotionwillfirstfocusonBeltandRoadInitiativecountries.It"llgraduallyspreadtotheAmericasandEurope.HealsosaysChinawilldevelopmoreinternationaltechnologicalstandardsrelatedtotheculturalsphere.Related:经过今后几年的改装升级之后,它的整体战技术性能会有比较明显的提升。

六方会谈本是半岛和平稳定的定海神针,但由于朝方和韩美各持己见,六方会谈已经名存实亡。要鼓励和扩大两国人民友好往来,不断夯实中美关系的社会基础。”但是,一年过去,高片酬一直没刹住车,反而愈演愈烈。

但如果成功,韩国民众会很关心。Chinahasthelargestlaborforceintheworld.However,manyenterprisescomplainaboutalackofskilledworkers,especiallyseniortechnicians.Itisaproblemthathasattractedtheattentionofthecentralleadership.In2014,theStateCouncil,China"sCabinet,calledforthestructureofhighereducationtobeoptimizedsothatvocationaleducationaccountedformorethanhalfofthetotal.Italsosetthegoalofstudentsatmiddlevocationalschoolsreaching23.5millionby2020.However,thatcallwentunheeded.Accordingtoofficialdata,thenumberoffreshstudentsformiddlevocationalschoolsnationwidewas6millionin2015,or185,100fewerthan2014.Thenumberofstudentsstudyinginmiddlevocationalschoolswas16.56million,almost1millionfewerthan2014.Inotherwords,vocationaleducationdeclineddespitetheencouragementoftheauthorities.Thatshouldarouseourconcern.Itislowpayandthelowsocialstatusoftechniciansthathaspreventedfamiliesfromsendingtheirchildrentoattendvocationalschools.Asaresult,technicalworkasaprofessionhasnotimproved,andthepayremainslow.Inordertobreakthisviciouscircle,therearetwothingsthatmustbedone.First,theauthoritieshavetofurtherequalizetheeducationsystemsothatthosereceivingvocationaleducationdonotfeelinferior.Currentlyonlythosestudentswhofailtogethighenoughscorestoentercollegeswillchoosevocationalcolleges,andthisphenomenonmustbechanged.Second,moreresourcesmustbeinvestedinvocationalschools.Forlong,vocationalschoolswerebusyattractingstudents,butforgottobuilduptheiradvantages;asaresult,vocationalschoolgraduatesareoftentreatedascheaplaborbyenterprises.Itistimeformoregovernmentinvestmentinvocationalschools,sothattheycangetenoughqualifiedteachersandchangetheirstatus.巩固中华文明探源成果,建立国家文物登录制度,构建准确权威、开放共享的文物资源公共数据平台。

近日,北京青年报记者调查发现,通过淘宝、QQ群等途径,花费数元购买“新用户资质”,就可以通过全新账户下单,获得外卖平台的首单减免优惠,全程不超过10分钟,且早已形成了一套完整的产业链。KUALALUMPUR—China"se-commercegiantAlibabaonWednesdayannouncedaplantosetupane-commercehubinMalaysiaencompassinglogistics,cloud-computingande-financialservice.Thee-commercehubwillbepartofthecollaborationbetweenAlibabaandtheMalaysiangovernmentinthedevelopmentofaDigitalFreeTradeZone(DFTZ)inMalaysiainlinewiththeElectronicWorldTradePlatform(eWTP)promotedbyJackMa,Alibaba"sexecutivechairman.InlaunchingtheDFTZwithMalaysianPrimeMinisterNajibRazak,Masaidthefirstoversease-hubwouldbeaimedatempoweringsmallandmediumenterprises(SMEs)aswellastheyoungergeneration.AmongthecooperationannouncedonWednesday,Alibaba"slogisticplatformCainiaoanditse-commercewebsiteLazadawillleadotherAlibaba"ssubsidiariesandaffiliatestodevelopmentofaregionale-commerceandlogisticshubneartheKualaLumpurInternationalAirport.AlibabaCloud,itscloudcomputingarm,willbuildacloudplatforminMalaysiatofosterthelocalSMEs,whileAntFinancialinkedanagreementwithMalaysia"sleadingbanksCIMBandMaybanktoexplorecollaborationopportunitiesine-paymentandfinancingservicesinMalaysia.配合国家外交大局,实施中华文物走出去精品工程,利用党和国家领导人重要对外活动契机,抓住重大节庆、重大事件、重要会议、重要节展赛事的时间节点和国家文化年、文化节系列活动,向世界推介更多具有中国特色、凸显中国精神、蕴含中国智慧的文物精品展览,全方位拓展文物对外交流合作渠道平台,打造一批文物对外交流合作品牌。

”到大海挥洒青春,正逢其时。这充分体现了党执政为民根本宗旨、维护最广大人民根本利益的客观需要,是全面推进依法治国、实现国家治理体系和治理能力现代化的重大举措。大股东不得不转而求其次,现金分红成为大股东从上市公司获得现金的重要来源。

  现代快报讯(记者王晓宇通讯员李鹤鸣)近日,连云港赣榆警方通过投放无人机空中巡查,成功锁定一盗窃团伙作案车辆踪迹,并一举抓获两名盗窃嫌疑人,追回多盆被盗花卉。Withitsmagnificentnaturalsceneryandrichhumanspiritbehindit,JinshanlingGreatWallhasbeenaddedtotheTopTenHolyPlacesforProfessionalPhotographersinChina,accordingtotheChinaNationalTourismAdministration.LocatedinamountainousregionofChengdecity,about140kilometersnortheastofBeijing,theJinshanlingGreatWallsectionisthebestpreservedpartoftheGreatWallfromtheMingDynasty(1368-1644)withmanyoriginalfeatures.TheJinshanlingsectionconnectstheSimataisectionofthewallintheeastandGubeikousectioninthewest.TheGeneralTower,theBlackTowerandtheTaochunToweraremust-seesattheJinshanlingGreatWall.Eachtowercontainsitsownlegend.ThegeneraltowerwasnamedtocommemorateWuGuihua,aheroinewhosacrificedherselftoresistinvasionsfromthenorthduringtheMingDynasty.TheBlackTowerandtheTaochunTowerwerechristenedtocommemoratetwogirls,HeiguandTaochun,whomadegreatcontributionstotheconstructionoftheGreatWall.Ifyougo,youwillfindyourselfexperiencingtotallydifferentsceneryineachofthefourseasons.Inspring,apricotflowersdecoratetheGreatWall.Insummer,thewindingdragon-shapedGreatWallissurroundedbyaseaofgreenplants.Inautumn,theGreatWallturnsintoacolorfulplaceandinwinter,heavysnowcoverstheGreatWall,addingasenseofmagnificenceandsolemnity.Now,asthespringhascome,theannualApricotFlowerFestivalkicksoffatthebeginningofApril.Ifyouhavetime,youshouldtakeyourlovedonestowitnessthetruebeautyoftheChina"slandmark.在这一背景下,中西部高校的人才形势更为严峻。

TheInternationalTelecommunicationUnionhasadoptedChina"snationalstandardformobiledevices"animationasaninternationalcriterion.It"sChina"sfirsttechnologicalstandardinaculturalfieldtobeadoptedinternationally,theMinistryofCulturesaidatanewsconferenceonMonday.ThestandardnumberT.621hasbeenusedbyover1,000mobile-deviceanimationoperatorsinChina.Thiscreatesuniformedformatsandtechnicalmethodsforrunningcontentnationwide.BeijingUniversityofPostsandTelecommunicationsprofessorChenHongsaysthestandardsavescontentoperatorsenergyintermsoftransformationamongdifferentformats.Itgivesthemmoretimetocreatenewcontentandfacilitatesthecirculationofnewproduction.HeaddsthattheinternationalizationofChina"snationalstandardwillhelpChinesehardwaremanufacturersgooverseas.YuQun,anassistanttotheMinisterofCulture,saysthestandard"spromotionwillfirstfocusonBeltandRoadInitiativecountries.It"llgraduallyspreadtotheAmericasandEurope.HealsosaysChinawilldevelopmoreinternationaltechnologicalstandardsrelatedtotheculturalsphere.Related:这份《2017年第一季度城镇储户问卷调查报告》在中国50个城市进行了2万户城镇储户问卷调查,并得出上述结果。你刚才提到的问题更像是战术问题,如果现在都用远程打击武器,远程精确导弹,比如巡航导弹,射程是1500到2000公里,你刚才所谈到的这类缓冲带,如果有这样的,只有几百公里到一千公里的缓冲带,从战术上讲确实没有什么,从战略上仍然有意义,意义就是刚才徐焰将军的。

Anexhibitionthemedonwomen"slivesduringtheHan(206BC-220AD)andTang(618-907)dynastiesisongoingattheTianjinMuseum,whichisshowingnearly100piecesofexquisiteculturalrelics.Ancientpotteryfigurinesrelatingtofemales,aswellasgold,silverandjadeitemsandbronzemirrorsareonexhibit.Theexhibitionfeaturesthefirstfemale-themedshowintheTianjinMuseumanditispresentedincollaborationwiththeXi"anMuseum.Itrevealsthefashionablelifeofwomenintheancientcapital,Chang"an,throughclothing,makeup,scenesoffeasting,musicanddance.TheexhibitionwillrunthroughMay4.人民网北京3月21日(记者郝孟佳)20日,根据网友反映高职院校分类考试的相关情况,安徽省教育厅在其官方微博发布消息称,安徽省招生考试院针对个别考场疑似违规违纪问题进行了调查,部分线索已初步查明。  我们携手促进在国际关系体系中协助团结的议程,共同应对地区性和全球性的挑战与威胁,并且我们反对双重标准、单边制裁和非法的军事干预,季诺维也夫强调。

AvillagerinJing"ancounty,EastChina"sJiangxiprovince,hasbeenawardedanappearancedesignpatentforknittingasuitofarmorusingmorethan8,000coppercoins.[Photo/Chinanews.com]AvillagerinJing"ancounty,EastChina"sJiangxiprovince,hasbeenawardedanappearancedesignpatentforknittingasuitofarmorusingmorethan8,000coppercoins.Thearmor,shininginsunshine,appearsmajestic.It"sflangedwithleatherandcopperrivets,anddecoratedwithaTaiChi-EightDiagramdesignonthefrontaswellasablackwaistband.EightDiagramisalsoknownasBagua,usedinTaoistcosmology.ThearmorisZhangCanjin"ssecondrecentwork.Thefirst,whichtookhimabouttwomonths,hasbeensold."Ididn"tthinkthatIcouldgetanationalpatentwhenIstartedknittingthearmor,"saidZhang,52,wholivesinHuanglongvillage.Hesaidknittingisoneofhisinterests."TheoldcraftwasnotverypopularwhenIwasyoung,anditwasdifficulttofindenoughcoppercoins,"Zhangsaid,addingthathedidnotknitoften."Inancienttimes,coppercoinsrepresentedfortuneandwealth.Linkingthecoppercoinsonebyonehadthepositivemeaningofaccumulatingwealth,"itwasnoted.However,fewpeopleknowthecraftofcoinknittingnowadays.Zhangsaidhehopesmoreyoungpeoplecanlearnandinheritit.不同的文艺批评范式会使用不同的批评标准。现在,特朗普上任才刚2个月左右,美国政府的现金余额只有340亿美元。

2016年10月11日,华润啤酒完成了对华润雪花啤酒49%股权的收购,由此所带来的收益将在今年全面体现。北京市自2012年下半年起,以友谊医院、朝阳医院、同仁医院、天坛医院、积水潭医院5家公立三级医院为首批试点;延庆、密云两区6家区属二级医院相继加入,开展了医药分开改革。  中国联通董事长王晓初曾对媒体表示,虽然5G技术还有待成熟,经营频率和技术标准有待明确,但中国联通从现在就要开始着手资金准备。

他又拿出糊着油垢的保健品药瓶,鱼油,儿媳妇给买的。我将继续发挥党员先锋作用,团结身边的各族同事,用更加精湛的业务技能,把每一名旅客安全、平稳地送到目的地,用实际行动贯彻好习近平总书记讲话精神。”  业内人士人为,下半场竞争的焦点将是“规范”、“高效”。

未来,中国打算拥有至少5艘处于战备状态的航母,而且后两艘将更大,在规格和战斗性能上更像航母。Executivesfromcentralandlocalindustryandcommercefederations,andprivatecompaniesattendtheconferenceinBeijingonMarch21,2017.[Photoprovidedtochinadaily.com.cn]Thevalueofnewly-signedcontractshasreached$126billion,withChineseprivatecompaniesplayingamoreimportantroleininvestmenttosupporttheBeltandRoadinitiative,accordingtoaconferenceheldbytheChinaFederationofIndustryandCommerceinBeijingonMarch21.That"sontopofthe$1.45millionalreadypumpedintothe53countriesandregionsalongtheBeltandRoadbyChinain2016.PrivatecompaniesfromdifferentfieldsaroundthecountrysharedtheirinvestmentexperiencesinBeltandRoadcountriesattheconference.Conductingin-depthduediligence,especiallywiththeassistanceofprofessionalthirdpartyinstitutions,iscriticalinpreventinginvestmentrisks,saidNanCunhui,chairmanofChintGroup,acompanyfocusingonindustrialelectricalequipmentproductionandcleanenergyfields.Localizingtheoperation,includingpurchasinglocalplants,recruitinglocalemployeesandcooperatingwithenterprisesindestinationcountriesarealleffectivemeasurestoavoidtradebarriersandincreasecompetencies.Resourceintegrationcanalsopushforwardsupply-sidereformathome,addedthechairman.MostBeltandRoadcountrieshaveunder-developedagricultureproduction,andtheynotonlydemandgoodsandtechnologiesfromChina,butalsointegratedsolutions.AsLinYinsun,chairmanofagriculturalcompanyZhengbangGroupsaid,thecompanypromotedan"enterprise+farmer"modeandtransferredlocalfamilyworkshopstofactoriesinAngola,Egypt,andBangladesh,andearnedsupportfromthetribechieftotheAgricultureSecretaryinthesecountries.IndustryandcommercefederationsnationwidealsoplayakeypartinassistingsmoothandeffectiveexplorationofprivatecompaniesinBeltandRoadcountries.LeiYuanjiang,chairmanoftheIndustryandCommerceFederationinEastChina"sJiangxiprovince,saidtheycompiledBeltandRoaddocumentsforitsmemberenterprises,andestablishedaBeltandRoadservicecenterinOctober2015.TheFederationformedanallianceinDecember2016tomanageenterprisebehaviorandpreventviciouscompetitioninoverseascountries,whichhasattracted126membercompaniestodate.TheFederationalsoestablishedconnectionswith54federationsinBeltandRoadcountriesandregionsandsignedcooperationagreementswith22ofthem.AccordingtoZhengYuewen,chairmanoftheChinaInternationalChamberofCommerceforthePrivateSector,theChamberhascompletedsigningMOUswithfederationsinBeltandRoadcountries,andplanstobringtogetherleadersofchambersinBeltandRoadcountriesforanannualsummitstartingthisyear.WangQinmin,chairmanoftheChinaFederationofIndustryandCommercealsopointedoutpitfallsforprivatecompaniesinvesting,includingweaklegalconsciousnessandriskawareness,anddisorderlyinvestment.TheFederationplanstoestablisharegistrationmechanismforBeltandRoadcountryinvestmentandputitonlineinJunethisyear.报告对两会期间网民对会议相关新闻的订阅、阅读和分享等行为进行了数据挖掘与分析,评估了会议期间民众对相关议题的社会关注及传播效能,展现了2017年全国“两会”的民众关注“全景地图”。

对于这样的结果,雷文锋的父亲怀疑是托养中心对儿子的死亡原因有所隐瞒。  三年后的2014年7月,琥珀啤酒厂778名干部职工在数十名老干部的带领下,集体举报董金河贪污6300万元,不久后,邹平县成立联合调查组,调查原琥珀啤酒厂职工举报董金河贪污6300万元一案。《明镜周刊》称,图斯克也曾自嘲道,在波兰大多数政客眼中,自己无异于头号全民公敌。

  “救急”可期资金面紧日子未完  度过异常紧张的周一之后,周二,借资金、平头寸依然是银行间市场的主旋律。今年1月,协会举办了一个“千人单身联谊会”,有不少单身“候鸟”参加。所谓内因,指的就是患者本身所具有的过敏性体质,这在很多病的发病中起主导作用。

他说:“我们愿意和中国开展多边合作,这也会为相关国家带来利益。著名导演、台盟盟员雷献禾则提出,要精准做好对台湾青年的宣传教育工作。“女性创业不容易,需要事业、家庭多方面兼顾,黑龙江省女创业者协会也是为了给女性创业者一个共同的家”。

苹果官方也说明,这款商品每笔购买都会捐助TheGlobalFund基金,以支持各项对抗HIV病毒/爱滋病计划,共同努力创造无爱滋病世代。作为媒体人,我们理应坚守精神家园,激浊扬清,弘扬优秀传统文化,努力成为中华文化的笃信者、传承者、躬行者。  俄新社22日援引俄高级经济学院专家安德烈·费松的话说,朝鲜此举是为了给新政府留下一个印象,什么型号的导弹和发射是否失败并不重要。

活动标题活动描述文字内容:各位媒体的朋友们:上午好!欢迎大家来参加文化部2017年第一季度例行新闻发布会!在刚刚闭幕的两会上,数字技术与文化内容的深度融合成为了两会的热议话题之一。”邵思齐也提到,自己的学校也有夜间断电的制度。黑龙江省女创业者协会作为全国第一家省级女创业者协会,成立三年以来,本着为会员服务、为社会服务、为公益事业服务的原则,不断强化自身建设,扩大对外联系,搭建交流平台,支持女性创业就业,社会影响力日益增强。

2017-03-2010:26:40关于您所说的第二个问题。学术界对古代青金石的产地众说纷纭,大概有阿富汗说、伊朗高原说、帕米尔高原说、贝加尔湖说等。  中国的立足点  对中国而言,斯里兰卡是其一个跨越亚洲、欧洲和非洲的贸易路线愿景的一部分,也是其国内石油供应链中的重要环节。

中铁一局集团公司:已将奥凯电缆公司列为不合格名录有城市轨道交通工程专业资质的中铁一局集团有限公司,也针对问题电缆作出回应。”据说,为了劝说一位女歌手重登舞台,某节目的导演足足说服了一个月,才终于让她答应“试一试”。  现在都在传朝鲜可能进行洲际弹道导弹试验,甚至可能进行第六次核试验,如果平壤真那么做,那么它每走一步,中国就应支持安理会把制裁提高一个级别,相应把中朝边界管得更紧。

清华大学新闻与传播学院沈阳教授、北京理工大学大数据搜索与挖掘实验室主任张华平教授,以及北京师范大学新闻传播学院禹建强教授等参与了发布会互动点评。新零售时代来临前,洋河更是前瞻性地开发出洋河1号,成为首家开发自营APP的酒类厂家,通过线上接单,将订单转接给网点实现30分钟快速送达,推动线上线下一体化。这是关于标准下一步的工作。

第七局比赛,中国队先手,丹麦队攻势凌厉,顺利得到两分,她们将比分追至5平。作为UCCA十周年大型群展,“例外状态:中国境况与艺术考察2017”展览于2017年3月19日至2017年7月9日呈现。  春耕时节,洞庭湖腹地的湖南省沅江市漉湖芦苇场,采摘芦笋的人们忙碌不停。

“可能出现包装破损,或者被混装运输。(梅青)KwabenaBoahen,aprofessorofbioengineeringandofelectricalengineeringatStanfordUniversity,hasenvisionedanewgenerationofcomputerstobebrainlike,orneuromorphic,machinesthatarevastlymoreefficientthantheconventionaldigitalcomputers.Asconventionalcomputerchipsarenotuptothechallengesposedbynext-generationautonomousdronesandmedicalimplants,"wehavereachedthepointwhereweneedtodosomethingdifferent",saysBoahen,alsoamemberofStanfordBio-XandtheStanfordNeurosciencesInstitute."Ourlab"sthreedecadesofexperiencehasputusinapositionwherewecandosomethingdifferent,somethingcompetitive."Moore"slaw,anobservationmadebyIntelCorpco-founderGordonMoorein1965,hasheldupprettywellforfivedecades:Roughlyeverytwoyears,thenumberoftransistorsonecouldfitonachipdoubled,allwhilecostssteadilydeclined.However,transistorsandotherelectroniccomponentsaresosmalltheyarebeginningtobumpupagainstfundamentalphysicallimitsontheirsize.Andthereareneedsforcomputingtobeeverfaster,cheaperandmoreefficient.InthelatestissueofComputinginScienceandEngineering,Boahensaysthatthefutureisnow.Hesaysthatwhileothershavebuiltbrain-inspiredcomputers,hewasquotedinanewsreleasesayingthatheandhiscollaboratorshavedevelopedafive-pointprospectusforhowtobuildneuromorphiccomputersthatdirectlymimicinsiliconwhatthebraindoesinfleshandblood.Thefirsttwopointsoftheprospectusconcernneuronsthemselves,whichunlikecomputersoperateinamixofdigitalandanalogmodes.Intheirdigitalmode,neuronssenddiscrete,all-or-nothingsignalsintheformofelectricalspikes,akintotheonesandzeroesofdigitalcomputers.Buttheyprocessincomingsignalsbyaddingthemallupandfiringonlyonceathresholdisreached-moreakintoadialthanaswitch.ThatobservationledBoahentotryusingtransistorsinamixeddigital-analogmode.Doingso,itturnsout,makeschipsbothmoreenergyefficientandmorerobustwhenthecomponentsdofail,asabout4percentofthesmallesttransistorsareexpectedtodo.Fromthere,Boahenbuildsonneurons"hierarchicalorganization,distributedcomputationandfeedbackloopstocreateavisionofanevenmoreenergyefficient,powerfulandrobustneuromorphiccomputer.Overthelast30years,Boahen"slabhasimplementedmostofitsideasinphysicaldevices,includingNeurogrid,oneofthefirsttrulyneuromorphiccomputers.But,inanothertwoorthreeyears,Boahensays,heexpectshisteamwillhavedesignedandbuiltcomputersimplementingalloftheprospectus"fivepoints."It"scomplementary,"Boahensays,addingthat"it"snotgoingtoreplacecurrentcomputers".Butasmostpersonalcomputersoperatenowherenearthelimitsofconventionalchips,neuromorphiccomputerswouldbemostusefulinembeddedsystemsthathaveextremelytightenergyrequirements,suchasverylow-powerneuralimplantsoron-boardcomputersinautonomousdrones.